Preservation at the South Fort Meade Extension

 While the site is overwhelmingly used for agriculture and is currently in use as pasture, row crops and citrus, Mosaic identified sensitive lands and developed plans to preserve the most vital under permanent conservation easements.

During the permitting process, 3,169 acres of high-quality wetlands, streams and floodplains of important water bodies were identified for preservation. Under the permits, Mosaic will avoid mining in nearly all of the 100-year floodplain of the Peace River and Little Charlie Creek. Hydrologic protection systems will ensure proper groundwater hydration for all lands adjacent to the mine site. Upon reclamation, the site’s degraded wetlands will be replaced with high quality wetlands with proper hydrology—providing new water quality benefits for the Peace River watershed.

Water Conservation & Protection

Before mining begins a protective berm and hydration system is constructed around active mining areas. This system plays a key role in the mine’s water circulation system, while ensuring surrounding areas remain hydrated during mining. The protective berm ensures stormwater is contained onsite and discharged only through regulated outfalls that meet water quality standards.

Lakes constructed on site will be designed with a “littoral” zone along the shoreline. This shallow zone contains herbaceous wetland plant species the provide filtration of water entering and leaving the lake systems. This water quality improvement has a positive effect on downstream waterbodies when rainfall raises water levels in these lake systems to their discharge point.


In-depth baseline wildlife surveys and monitoring on the extension property have been conducted since 2004. Special care will be given to onsite wildlife (gopher tortoises, burrowing owls, wood storks, crested caracaras and indigo snakes) under the regulatory authority of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Management plans for listed species were developed in concert with these agencies, and additional pre-clearing surveys and permits will be obtained as needed. Click here to learn more about Mosaic’s dedication to wildlife stewardship.

Clay Settling Areas

Clay Settling Areas (CSAs) are vital to the operation of the mine processing and water circulation systems, providing clay storage and acting as reservoirs. CSAs are constructed using engineered dam standards and rigorously inspected and maintained, as required by State and local regulations.

Upon reclamation, reclaimed CSAs will constitute 14% of the total acreage of the South Fort Meade Extension site. CSAs are reclaimed for agricultural use, which is increasingly important due to development pressures on adjacent lands.